HISTORY, together with the University of Oslo and the Senckenberg Research Institute, today reveal a landmark scientific find: the 47 million year old fossilized remains of a primate. The most complete fossil primate ever found, the young female specimen known as Ida is set to revolutionize our understanding of human evolution. Twenty times older than most fossils that explain human evolution, Ida is a transitional species showing characteristics from the very primitive non-human evolutionary line (prosimians, such as lemurs), but she is more related to the human evolutionary line (anthropoids, such as monkeys, apes and humans). This places Ida at the very root of anthropoid evolution when primates were first developing the features that would evolve into our own. The scientists findings are published today by PLoS One, the open source journal of the Public Library of Science.
The find is lauded as the most important scientific discovery of recent times. HISTORY will premiere the major television special The Link chronicling the discovery and study of the fossil. The two-hour program, produced by London-based Atlantic Productions, will air on HISTORY on Monday, May 25 at 9pm ET/PT. THE LINK is presented with limited commercials made possible by Ally Bank.
For the past two years, a team of esteemed scientists, led by world-renowned Norwegian paleontologist Dr. Jørn Hurum of the University of Oslo Natural History Museum, has secretly conducted a detailed forensic analysis of the extraordinary 95% complete fossil, studying the data to decode humankinds ancient origins.
This specimen is like finding the lost ark for archaeologists, said Hurum. This fossil will probably be the one that will be pictured in all textbooks for the next 100 years.
This is a history-making story and HISTORY channel is honored to be working with the brilliant team of scientists who have uncovered one of the most important paleontological finds of both this generation and perhaps many to come, said Nancy Dubuc, Executive Vice President and General Manager, HISTORY. HISTORY has a rich tradition of collaborating within the scientific community to give work of this magnitude greater meaning and a national platform. We are extremely proud to bring Idas story, and ultimately our own, to the American public. This is a perfect example of how we at HISTORY strive, every day, to deliver authentic programming that connects history in very real, relatable and innovative ways with our viewers.
About the discovery
Dr. Jørn Hurum first heard about the fossil at an annual fossil fair in Hamburg, Germany. Following a private meeting with a fossil dealer, he was invited to view a fossil the scientific world has been waiting for since the dawn of modern paleontology. After confirming its authenticity, Hurum raised funds to purchase the fossil for the University of Oslo Natural History Museum and returned to his lab in Oslo, Norway where he selected a dream team of world experts to help decode the fossil. Among the experts involved are:
1. Dr. Holly Smith, top U.S. dental anthropologist, University of Michigan: In terms of a complete skeleton, its hard to think of anything else in primate evolution thats as complete as this fossil. Its certainly the most beautiful fossil primate Ive ever seen.
2. Dr. Jens Franzen, German fossil and Messel Pit expert, Senckenberg Research Institute: This is by far the most complete fossil primate ever found in the world. When the results of our investigations are published this will be just like an asteroid hitting the earth.
3. Prof. Philip Gingerich, leading U.S. primate specialist, University of Michigan: Its really a kind of Rosetta Stone because it ties together parts we havent been able to associate before.
4. Dr Jörg Habersetzer, German fossil expert and radiologist, Senckenberg Research Institute: This fossil rewrites our understanding of the evolution of primates.
Unlike Lucy and other famous primate fossils found in Africas Cradle of Mankind, Ida is a European fossil, preserved in Germanys Messel Pit; the mile-wide crater and oil-rich shale is a significant site for fossils of the Eocene period. Fossil analysis reveals that the prehistoric primate was a young female. Opposable big toes and nails instead of claws confirm the fossil is a primate. It is the evidence in Idas ankle that links her to us; her talus bone is the same shape as ours only smaller. In addition to the 95% complete skeleton, measuring approximately three feet in length, the fossil also features the complete soft body outline as well as the gut contents; an herbivore, Ida fed on fruits, seeds and leaves before she died. X-rays reveal both baby and adult teeth, but also the lack of a toothcomb or a toilet claw attributes of lemurs. The scientists estimate Idas age to be approximately nine months.
The fossil was revealed publicly for the first time today at a news conference held at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg; Abbe Raven, President and CEO, AETN; Nancy Dubuc, EVP and General Manager, History Channel; Dr. Jørn Hurum, University of Oslo Natural History Museum; Dr. Jens Franzen, Senckenberg Research Institute; Dr. Holly Smith, University of Michigan; Ellen Futter, President, American Museum of Natural History; and Anthony Geffen, CEO and Executive Producer, Atlantic Productions were in attendance. Additionally, full research findings were published today by PLoS ONE, the interactive, open-access journal for the communication of all peer-reviewed scientific and medical research from the Public Library of Science. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005723
A cast of the specimen will be on display in the Extreme Mammals exhibition at the American Museum of Natural History in NYC.
For more information, please visit www.history.com/thelink, or the dedicated website www.revealingthelink.com